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漫长的三月终于要结束了。这一整个月我几乎没有时间做任何别的事情,所有精力都用在了一门新课的备课和授课上。这门课本身不是新开的课,但是之前讲的话题已经重复了几遍,讲起来已经没有太多兴趣和激情,于是我今年(突发奇想地)完全改变了授课的结构和话题,开始聚焦一些我自己新近开始感兴趣的方向——虽然有趣,但也造就了很长一段时间的忙碌。

这门课的名字叫 Urban governance: Global and comparative reflections. 从这个标题大概可以看出两个要点:首先,课程内容需要和城市治理问题挂钩(这一点不是我自己的决定……);其次,我想让这门讨论城市治理问题的课更多一些全球的视角、比较的方法和批判的内涵(在这一点上我大概还有一些发言权)。

遵循这两个要点,我在今年的授课中将视角转向了基础设施的政治这一问题,尝试着从这个角度出发,与有关政治物质性(political materiality)、事物的治理(the government of things)等方面的文献进行对话,并在此基础上回到城市政治讨论的终极关切——社会与空间正义问题上。

课上具体讨论的问题包括(但不限于):我们如何通过重构城市研究的“理论地理”,并由此在认识论层面重新理解“城市治理”一词的内涵?我们如何能在讨论中部署比较城市主义的分析框架,并在面向中国/来自中国的讨论和反思中为此框架做出进一步的贡献?我们如何能与城市研究文献中有关事物的治理和(不)正义的城市化的论述脉络展开新的对话?尤其是,基础设施能如何为我们关于城市政治和城市治理的讨论提供新的视角?

为了解决这些问题,我将本课程分为两个部分:在第一讲介绍讨论主题和分析框架之后,第 2至 4 讲着重阐述和评估“事物的治理”问题,重点关注城市基础设施、物质性的政治和城市生态的政治学等议题。在此基础上,第5至6讲将重点转移到了“(不)正义的城市化”,通过与城市权利、政治街道、“人作为基础设施”以及社区治理术等文献进行对话,将有关“事物的治理”的讨论重新放回到城市政治与正义的脉络之中。课程还包括了和期末研讨两个环节,以期促进更进一步的讨论和分享。

下面附上各讲的主题和阅读文献列表,供大家参考,同时也非常欢迎提出建议帮助我进一步修改和完善!


Lecture 1: Introduction – Dislocating urban governance

Key readings:

Lindell, I. (2008). The multiple sites of urban governance: insights from an African city. Urban Studies, 45(9), 1879-1901.

McCann, E. (2017). Governing urbanism: Urban governance studies 1.0, 2.0 and beyond. Urban Studies, 54(2), 312-326.

Wu, F., & Zhang, F. (2022). Rethinking China’s urban governance: The role of the state in neighbourhoods, cities and regions. Progress in Human Geography. DOI: 10.1177/03091325211062171.

Recommended readings:

Lake, R. W. (2017). Big Data, urban governance, and the ontological politics of hyperindividualism. Big Data & Society, 4(1), 2053951716682537.

Lemke, T. (2012). Foucault, governmentality, and critique. London & New York: Routledge.

Jessop, B. (1995). The regulation approach, governance and post-Fordism: alternative perspectives on economic and political change?. Economy and Society, 24(3), 307-333.

Robinson, J. (2016). Thinking cities through elsewhere: Comparative tactics for a more global urban studies. Progress in Human Geography, 40(1), 3-29.

Swyngedouw, E. (2005). “Governance innovation and the citizen: the Janus face of governance-beyond-the-state.” Urban Studies, 42(11), 1991-2006.

Lecture 2: The material politics of urban infrastructures

Key readings:

Larkin, B. (2013). The politics and poetics of infrastructure. Annual Review of Anthropology, 42, 327-343.

Lieto, L. (2017). How material objects become urban things?. City, 21(5), 568-579.

Recommended readings:

Anand, N., Gupta, A., & Appel, H. (Eds.). (2018). The promise of infrastructure. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. (Read the Introduction and Chapters 1, 2, 6)

Furlong, K. (2021). Geographies of infrastructure III: Infrastructure with Chinese characteristics. Progress in Human Geography. DOI: 10.1177/03091325211033652.

Lemke, T. (2021). The government of things: Foucault and the new materialisms. New York: NYU Press. (Read the Introduction)

McFarlane, C., & Rutherford, J. (2008). Political infrastructures: Governing and experiencing the fabric of the city. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 32(2), 363-374.

Silver, J. (2014). Incremental infrastructures: Material improvisation and social collaboration across post-colonial Accra. Urban Geography, 35(6), 788-804.

Star, S. L. (1999). The ethnography of infrastructure. American Behavioral Scientist, 43(3), 377-391.

Lecture 3: Political materialities – Water, electricity, road and waste

Key readings:

Anand, N. (2015). Leaky states: Water audits, ignorance, and the politics of infrastructure. Public Culture, 27(2), 305-330.

Chu, J. Y. (2014). When infrastructures attack: The workings of disrepair in China. American Ethnologist, 41(2), 351-367.

Fredericks, R. (2014). Vital infrastructures of trash in Dakar. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, 34(3), 532-548.

Knox, H. (2017). Affective infrastructures and the political imagination. Public Culture, 29(2), 363-384.

Pilo’, F. (2017). A socio‐technical perspective to the right to the city: Regularizing electricity access in Rio de Janeiro’s Favelas. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 41(3), 396-413.

Recommended readings:

Amin, A. (2014). Lively infrastructure. Theory, Culture & Society, 31(7-8), 137-161.

Fredericks, R. (2018). Garbarge Citizenship: Vital Infrastructures of Labor in Dakar, Senegal. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Graham, S., & McFarlane, C. (Eds.). (2014). Infrastructural lives: Urban infrastructure in context. London & New York: Routledge. (Read the Introduction)

Gupta, A. (2015). An anthropology of electricity from the global south. Cultural Anthropology, 30(4), 555-568.

Harvey, P., & Knox, H. (2015). Roads: An anthropology of infrastructure and expertise. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Knowles, C. (2017). Untangling translocal urban textures of trash: plastics and plasticity in Addis Ababa. Social Anthropology, 25(3), 288-300.

McFarlane, C., Silver, J., & Truelove, Y. (2017). Cities within cities: intra-urban comparison of infrastructure in Mumbai, Delhi and Cape Town. Urban Geography, 38(9), 1393-1417.

Truelove, Y., & Ruszczyk, H. A. (2022). Bodies as urban infrastructure: Gender, intimate infrastructures and slow infrastructural violence. Political geography, 92, 102492.

Zhao, Y. (2020). Folding Beijing in Houchangcun Road, or, the topology of power density. Urban Geography, 41(10), 1247-1259.

Lecture 4: Urban Political Ecology

Key readings:

Gandy, M. (2021). Urban political ecology: A critical reconfiguration. Progress in Human Geography, DOI: 10.1177/03091325211040553.

Heynen, N., Kaika, M., & Swyngedouw, E. (Eds.). (2006). In the nature of cities: Urban political ecology and the politics of urban metabolism. London & New York: Routledge. (Read Chapters 1, 2 and 4)

Swyngedouw, E. (2006). Circulations and metabolisms: (hybrid) natures and (cyborg) cities. Science as Culture, 15(2), 105-121.

Recommended readings:

Braun, B., & Castree, N. (1998). Remaking reality: Nature at the Millenium. London & New York: Routledge. (Read Chapters 1 and 2)

Doshi, S. (2019). Greening displacements, displacing green: Environmental subjectivity, slum clearance, and the embodied political ecologies of dispossession in Mumbai. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 43(1), 112-132.

Escobar, A. (1999). After nature: Steps to an antiessentialist political ecology. Current Anthropology, 40(1), 1-30.

Gibas, P., & Boumová, I. (2020). The urbanization of nature in a (post) socialist metropolis: An urban political ecology of allotment gardening. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 44(1), 18-37.

Nelson, S. H., & Bigger, P. (2021). Infrastructural nature. Progress in Human Geography, DOI: 10.1177/0309132521993916.

Tzaninis, Y., Mandler, T., Kaika, M., & Keil, R. (2021). Moving urban political ecology beyond the ‘urbanization of nature’. Progress in Human Geography, 45(2), 229-252.

Lecture 5: Social justice and urban citizenship

Key readings:

Group 1: The right to the city

Harvey, D. (2008). The right to the city. New Left Review(53), 23-40.

Lefebvre, H. (1996). Writings on cities. Oxford: Blackwell. (Ch.14, pp.147-159)

Marcuse, P. (2009). From critical urban theory to the right to the city. City, 13(2-3), 185-197.

Group 2: The political street

Bayat, A. (2012). Politics in the city-inside-out. City & Society, 24(2), 110-128.

Holston, J. (2009). Insurgent citizenship in an era of global urban peripheries. City & Society, 21(2), 245-267.

Simone, A. (2004). People as infrastructure: Intersecting fragments in Johannesburg. Public Culture, 16(3), 407-429.

Recommended readings:

Anjaria, J. S. (2009). Guardians of the Bourgeois City: Citizenship, Public Space, and Middle–Class Activism in Mumbai. City & Community, 8(4), 391-406.

Appadurai, A., & Holston, J. (1996). Cities and citizenship. Public Culture, 8(2), 187-204.

Butcher, S. (2021). Differentiated citizenship: The everyday politics of the urban poor in Kathmandu, Nepal. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. 45(6), 948-963

Chatterjee, P. (2004). The politics of the governed: Reflections on popular politics in most of the world. New York: Columbia University Press. (Read Chapters 2 and 3)

Fainstein, S. S. (2010). The just city. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Gillespie, J., & Nguyen, Q. H. (2019). Between authoritarian governance and urban citizenship: Tree-felling protests in Hanoi. Urban Studies, 56(5), 977-991.

Holston, J. (2008). Insurgent citizenship: Disjunctions of Democracy and Modernity in Brazil. Princeton, NJ: Princeton university press.

Lemanski, C. (2020). Infrastructural citizenship: The everyday citizenships of adapting and/or destroying public infrastructure in Cape Town, South Africa. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 45(3), 589-605.

McElroy, E. (2020). Digital nomads in siliconising Cluj: Material and allegorical double dispossession. Urban Studies, 57(15), 3078-3094.

Lecture 6: Urban neighbourhoods and governmentality

Key readings:

Foucault, M. (2000). “Governmentality.” In C. Gordon (Ed.), The Essential Works of Foucault 1954-1984 Vol III: Power (pp. 201-222). London: Penguin Books.

Tomba, L. (2014). The government next door: Neighborhood Politics in Urban China. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Vanolo, A. (2014). Smartmentality: The smart city as disciplinary strategy. Urban Studies, 51(5), 883-898.

Recommended readings:

Evans, H. (2020). Beijing from Below: Stories of Marginal Lives in the Capital’s Center. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Huang, G., Xue, D., & Wang, Y. (2019). Governmentality and spatial strategies: Towards formalization of street vendors in Guangzhou, China. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 43(3), 442-459.

Leszczynski, A. (2016). Speculative futures: Cities, data, and governance beyond smart urbanism. Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space, 48(9), 1691-1708.

Rose, N. (1999). Powers of freedom: Reframing political thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Read Introduction & Chapters 1 and 5).

Wan, X. (2015). Governmentalities in everyday practices: The dynamic of urban neighbourhood governance in China. Urban Studies, 53(11), 2330-2346.

Lecture 7: Field trip

Lecture 8: Concluding workshop